Where is the software or mind code reside?
By the way, "synaptic" transistors are not binary "0" or "1". They are analog, thus have unlimited states... Think it of more a percentage of connection.
The question is where does the software programmer come from?
A software programmer writes the code which tells the transistor what state to be... In a normal transistor that would be either "0" or "1". These transistor obviously dynamically change based on variable "inputs".
A little thought experience. Imagine an infant that was immediately place inside a seal box, no sound or light from the outside world. The infant was feed intravenously and oxygen was provided. What sort of Mind would develop?
Would self consciousness develop if there was no opportunity for the senses to make contact with a rich outside experience.
The box would have no temperature change, no sound, no light, no taste, no smell etc.
In other words little to no experience would be sensed.
My gut feeling is the mind "code" which dictates the settings or calibration of the synaptic transistors, which has the trait of plasticity (adaptative to changing environment), writes itself based on the environment (experience).
A human brain has approx 100 billion neurons (Synaptic Transistors). According to Moore's Law, the transistor count of the integrated circuits doubles every two years, this means that the world's largest computer will reach 100 billion transistors within about 10 - 11 years.As of 2012, the highest transistor count in a commercially available CPU is over 2.5 billion transistors, in Intel's 10-core Xeon Westmere-EX.